Family in the residential complex "FONVIZINSKY"
Today, the term "sustainable architecture", with which such concepts as "energy-efficient green construction", "ecological architecture", "eco-sustainable construction", as well as "green architecture" are often used, is very common.
The development of a sustainable architecture of medical centers can be divided into three parts:
The first is saving energy on ventilation, air conditioning, water supply and heating for an energy–efficient architecture that works almost autonomously.
The second is the efficient use of resources, eco–friendly materials and safe construction technologies for architecture that does not need external energy.
The third is a sustainable architecture for preserving and creating a quality environment that meets the needs of people, which accelerates the recovery of patients.
The principles of sustainability of medical centers can be divided into groups:
General plan and scope – facade, accessibility, transport.
Building – natural light, permeability, moisture protection, transparent and opaque components, building materials and recycling.
Energy – energy consumption, heating, hot water, building cooling, ventilation, humidification, lighting, storage, energy renewal.
Management – control of systems, cleaning, water supply, sanitation, waste disposal.
Interior – fire protection, sound insulation, acoustic comfort, visual comfort, temperature comfort, air cleanliness, accessibility, security, design.
These principles take into account the landscape of the territory, aesthetic components, functional content, increase the efficiency of resources for medical centers. All this helps to preserve the health of visitors and contributes to the improvement of patients.
Current trends in the sustainability of new medical centers:
Cluster approach – concentration of medical facilities on the local territory (Health City in Springfield, Novena Medical Center in Singapore).
Center of Attraction – combining medical services with cultural, commercial, educational and others (Heunde Pek University Clinic in South Korea, Lou Ruvo Center Brain Health Clinic in Las Vegas).
Treatment villages - modules for the treatment of a certain disease (New Stanford Hospital in the USA, Luinder Building Hospital in Massachusetts).
Natural light – reducing the amount of artificial light for comfort, attractiveness and a sense of security (Radiology Center in Norway, CircleBath Hospital in the UK).
Non–hospital appearance - the facade resembles a community center or a residential building (Queen Silvia Children's Hospital in Sweden, Champalamida Center of the Unknown in Portugal).
Comfortable and high–quality environment - using the best solutions of hospitals and residential buildings (Herlev Hospital in Denmark).
Distracting atmosphere – glazed facades, winter gardens, natural light, "green" facades, views of wooded hills (Meander Medical Center in the Netherlands, the new Stobhill Hospital in Scotland).
Building materials – the use of eco-friendly, latest and modern materials (DubaiMall Medical Center in the UAE, Bellevue Hospital in the USA).
Thus, sustainable architecture solutions should be aimed at improving the quality and lifestyle of the population. The sustainable design process of medical centers contributes to attracting patients and visitors.
Salmina O.E., Bystrova T.Yu., Holst M., Lee A., Webb K., Jaeger A., Salonen X.
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